American and British Nobel Prize Winners 2017:
Nobel Prize in Economics:
The US economist Richard Thaler was awarded the Nobel Economics Prize for his contributions in the field of behavioural economics. The award – giving body said that Thaler’s contributions have built a bridge between the economic and psychological analyses of individual decision – making.
Nobel Prize in Physics:
The Physics prize was divided, one half awarded to Rainer Weiss, the other half jointly to Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne for decisive contributions to the LIGO ( the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) detector and the observation of gravitational waves. They received the prize for the discovery of gravitational waves released in the world by violent events in the universe such as the mergers of the black holes.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry:
The Chemistry prize was awarded to Richard Henderson and Joachim Frank for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination for biomolecules in solution. Cryo-electron microscopy is a technique that takes accurate and detailed pictures of living things at atomic scales. This is assisting scientists make high-resolutions, 3D images that can help in cancer drug research and better understanding of the Zika virus.
J. Frank is a professor at Columbia University in New York while R. Henderson is a scientist at the British Medical Research Council’s Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine:
The 2017 prize was awarded jointly to Jeffrey C. Hall – University of Maine, Michael Rosbash – Brandeis University and Michael Young – Rockefeller University for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm. The award celebrates the study of the tiny biological clocks in every living thing. The three American scientists were able to look inside our biological clock and explain its inner workings. The Nobel Prize Committee said: “ Their discoveries explain how plants, animals, and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth’s revolutions.”
Nobel Prize in Literature:
The Literature prize was awarded to Kazuo Ishiguro who in novels of great emotional force has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world. The author of seven novels, a short-story collection and screenplays, Ishiguro was born in bomb-hit Nagasaki in 1954 and moved to England at the age of 5.