Her Majesty was born on April 21, 1926 and usually spends the day in private celebration with fellow Royal Family members, although a gun salute does take place in London. In 2018 she turned 92, making her the longest – reigning living monarch, having ascended the throne in 1952 at the age of 25.
Why does the Queen have two birthdays ?
The tradition of monarchs celebrating two birthdays dates back to the 18th century during the reign of George II.
George II was born in November in 1748 and decided the month was too cold for a public birthday parade. His idea was to combine the Trooping the Colour march with a big birthday bash, a tradition which has remained.
Originally Queen Elizabeth II decided to celebrate her official birthday on the second Thursday of June, the date chosen by her father King George VI. But she moved this date to the second Saturday of June in 1959, which has stuck until this day.
What time does Trooping the Colour start ?
The Queen’s official birthday parade starts formally at 9.15 am when troops start arriving to the Horse Guards Parade. The Queen arrives at 11 am when she takes the Royal salute and reviews the guard in a slow carriage ride past each member. The Queen returns to Buckingham Palace at 12.20 pm. The 41 gun salute places at 12.52 pm before the Royal family members stand on Buckingham Palace’s balcony a few minutes later. The Queen’s birthday celebration culminates in a stunning RAF aerial fly – by, watched by the Royal Family on Buckingham Palace’s balcony.
Written by: Anna Pędziwiatr